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All you need to know about OpenAI Sora



OpenAI’s text-to-video model, Sora, has taken the world by surprise.

What is OpenAI Sora?

According to the OpenAI website, Sora is a text-to-video model that can generate videos for up to a minute while maintaining visual quality and adherence to the user’s prompt.

It was created by OpenAI, the US-based artificial intelligence research organization that also created the famous chatbot ChatGPT.

What does Sora do?

Sora will be a game-changer in the creative scene, particularly in filmmaking. Using descriptive text instructions, previously imagined worlds will be brought to life, breaking the limits of creativity and promising new possibilities.

“Sora can generate complex scenes with multiple characters, specific types of motion, and accurate details of the subject and background,” the company said.

How does it work?

According to the company, OpenAI Sora deeply understands language, thus enabling it to accurately interpret prompts and generate compelling characters that express vibrant emotions. The model can also come up with multiple shots within a single generated video that accurately portrays characters and visual style.

Who can access it?

At the moment, Sora is accessible only to red teamers who will assess the risk areas, and a select number of creatives who will provide useful feedback on how to best advance the model.

“Red teaming” is a structured testing method for finding flaws in AI systems. The process involves simulating attacks on the model to identify weaknesses and vulnerabilities. The goal is to identify ways the system doesn’t work as intended, and then find fixes for the breaks.

Which safety measures have been put in place?

Safety in artificial intelligence is a huge concern for many people, and rightly so. Below are the measures being put in place by OpenAI to make Sora safe:

  1. 1. Building tools to help detect misleading content such as a detection classifier that can tell when Sora generated a video.
  2. 2. Leveraging existing safety methods that OpenAI built for their products that use DALL·E 3, which apply to Sora as well. These include a text classifier that will check and reject text input prompts that violate OpenAI’s usage policies, like those that request extreme violence, sexual content, hateful imagery, celebrity likeness, or the IP of others.
  3. 3. Engaging policymakers, educators and artists worldwide to understand their concerns and identify positive use cases for this new technology.


Understanding the Proposed ICT Bill 2024



The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology has proposed the Information and Communications Technology Authority Bill, 2024. This legislation aims to establish the Information and Communications Technology Authority (ICTA) as a statutory entity, superseding the existing ICT Authority. The bill outlines comprehensive measures to enhance ICT services’ security, efficiency, and integration across the public sector and the broader economy.

The Cabinet Secretary for ICT, Eliud Owalo, has introduced a bill that aims to register and license ICT practitioners within the country to regulate the industry. The bill also seeks to standardize the ICT sector by ensuring the provision of secure, proficient, and high-performing ICT services.

What is the ICT Bill 2024?

The ICT Authority Bill, of 2024, aims to establish the Information and Communications Technology Authority (ICTA) as a statutory entity in Kenya. This bill seeks to enhance the provision, security, efficiency, and integration of ICT services within the public sector.

Here is a breakdown of what the bill entails:

Objectives and Principles

The primary objectives of the ICT Bill are to:

  • Promote the provision of secure, efficient, and effective ICT resources.
  • Standardize ICT services and infrastructure.
  • Integrate ICT in the delivery of public services.

The bill is underpinned by principles that emphasize inclusive access, cost-effectiveness, fostering innovation, and ensuring that ICT infrastructure and services are flexible, adaptable, and interoperable.

Establishment and Functions of ICT Authority

The ICT Authority (ICTA) will be established as a corporate body with perpetual succession, capable of suing and being sued, managing property, and entering into contracts. Its key functions include:

  • Designing, implementing, and managing national ICT infrastructure.
  • Formulating and enforcing ICT codes and standards.
  • Promoting digital literacy and ICT skill development.
  • Accrediting ICT service providers.
  • Implementing security measures and monitoring potential cybersecurity threats.

Impact of the Bill on the IT Industry

According to the proposed legislation, ICT practitioners and service providers must register with the designated authority to operate within the country. Accreditation requires payment of a fee and annual license renewal. It’s important to note that only those licensed by the authority will be legally permitted to work in the field once the bill becomes law.

The bill aims to eliminate practitioners lacking the necessary qualifications for licensing, amidst declining service delivery. This may deter many from entering the field. Although the bill could enhance service efficiency, the disadvantages seem to surpass its intended purpose.

A significant amendment in the bill is the elimination of the university degree requirement for licensing, a contentious point in the ICT Bill 2020. The 2024 bill stipulates that applicants must possess the “minimum technical qualifications,” along with the necessary experience and skills as prescribed by the Authority.

Should this bill be enacted, ICT professionals will require accreditation and licensing, a process that will classify them based on qualifications and skills. ICT service providers will also need to demonstrate experience in a specific work category and possess the necessary ICT resources for that category.

Licensing and categorizing practitioners may hinder the dynamic nature of ICT, a field that individuals can enter without formal training. Young tech enthusiasts, recent graduates, and aspiring professionals may find themselves deprived of opportunities to gain practical experience in the field.

Urge for Public Participation

Kenyans in the IT industry raised a public outcry after the Finance Bill was brought to the public raising concerns of dubious taxes and levies and limiting resources for the foreseeable future. Recently, an Addendum from the Ministry of Information, Communications & The Digital Economy was posted on MyGov weekly newspaper indicating that the bill is closely becoming a reality.

An extract of the Addendum from MyGov.

Remember to submit your comments in the emails provided on the bill; [email protected] and copy to [email protected]

If you are doubting the impact your commentary will make, remember the proposed Road Maintenance Levy review and how feedback from us, Kenyans impacted that decision. It’s important your voice is heard.

Despite these intentions, the bill continues to face resistance from the ICT community, concerned about the potential impact on professionals and the industry’s accessibility. Roger Taracha, an engineering leader, fintech and sound tech invites you to a space on X to discuss this ICT bill and a wide range of topics about the industry this Friday 12th July at 7pm. They will have all ICT stakeholders in Kenya—government, private sector, and individuals— participating. Their goal is to gather and submit comprehensive feedback to the government. Link here

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The Extravagant Budget of GTA VI: A New Benchmark in Gaming



Are you ready for the most ambitious video game ever made? Rockstar Games is set to break all records with the budget for Grand Theft Auto VI, rumoured to be around a staggering $2 billion. This eye-watering sum places GTA VI as the most expensive video game of all time, far surpassing its predecessors and competitors in the industry.

Setting a New Standard

The budget for GTA VI is not just high; it is monumental. To put it in perspective, Rockstar’s previous blockbuster, “Red Dead Redemption 2,” had a production cost of $540 million. Meanwhile, “Cyberpunk 2077,” despite its ambitious scale and technological aspirations, came in at approximately $436 million. Even the widely popular “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare III” had a budget close to $1 billion.

The massive budget for GTA VI is driven by several factors. Firstly, the sheer scale of the game is expected to be unprecedented, promising an expansive open world filled with intricate details and immersive experiences. Rockstar is known for its meticulous attention to detail, and with such a hefty budget, fans can expect a level of realism and interactivity that surpasses any game currently on the market.

Additionally, the development cycle for GTA VI has been extensive, reflecting Rockstar’s commitment to quality and innovation. The game’s development involves cutting-edge technology, extensive research, and a large team of developers, artists, and designers working tirelessly to bring this vision to life.

To truly understand the scale of GTA VI’s budget, it helps to compare it with other high-budget games:

  1. Red Dead Redemption 2 – $540 million
  2. Cyberpunk 2077 – $436 million
  3. Call of Duty: Modern Warfare III – $1 billion

These figures highlight just how extraordinary GTA VI’s budget is, effectively combining the costs of multiple blockbuster games into one. This financial commitment underscores Rockstar’s ambition to create a gaming experience like no other.

Anticipation and Expectations

With fans eagerly awaiting its release, GTA VI is already generating immense hype. The first trailer alone broke records, showcasing the game’s potential and setting high expectations for what is to come. While the exact release date is still unconfirmed, the anticipation continues to build as more details emerge.

Final Thoughts

In a world where the gaming industry continues to push boundaries, Rockstar’s GTA VI stands as a testament to what is possible when creativity, technology, and an unprecedented budget come together. This game is not just another entry in a beloved franchise; it is set to redefine the standards of what a video game can be.

Stay tuned as we await more updates on what promises to be the most revolutionary game ever made. The future of gaming is here, and it looks like it’s going to be a wild ride.

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Essential Smartphone Features for the Modern User



Hey there, fellow smartphone enthusiasts! When it comes to using your smartphone as your daily tool, whether you’re a team iPhone or Android, one thing’s for sure: we all want a phone that can keep up with our fast-paced, meme-filled, selfie-snapping lives. But what exactly makes a smartphone worth swiping right on? Let’s break down the must-have features every user should look for in their next digital sidekick.

Camera Quality: Because Pics or It Didn’t Happen

First up, let’s talk about the camera. We need those crystal-clear selfies and vibrant golden hour shots for our Instagram feeds. A good smartphone camera should have at least 12 megapixels, optical image stabilization, and probably some fancy AI magic to make us look even more fabulous. And don’t forget the front camera for those flawless TikToks!

Battery Life: For the Endless Scrolls

We’ve all experienced the horror of seeing that dreaded low battery warning when we’re out and about. A phone with a battery life that can last a day of nonstop texting, streaming, and snapping is essential. Aim for at least 4000 mAh – it’s like having a phone with the stamina of a marathon runner. Besides, most smartphones nowadays come with 5000 mAh.

Performance: Speed Is King

Lag is the enemy of fun. Whether you’re gaming, multitasking, or just browsing the web, a fast processor is a must. Look for phones with at least 6GB of RAM and a top-tier chipset. It’s like having a Ferrari in your pocket – you’ll go from 0 to Snapchat or TikTok in seconds.

Storage: More Space for Memories (and Memes)

With all those high-res photos, videos, and countless apps, storage is crucial. A minimum of 128GB of internal storage should keep your digital life clutter-free. Bonus points if the phone has expandable storage because who doesn’t love a good memory card?

Display: For Your Viewing Pleasure

Binge-watching the latest series, playing games, or just scrolling through your social feeds – all these need a screen that can do them justice. Look for a phone with at least a Full HD+ display, and if you’re feeling fancy, an AMOLED screen with a high refresh rate will make everything look buttery smooth.

Design: Style Meets Substance

Let’s be real – we all want a phone that looks as good as it performs. Sleek designs, vibrant colours, and a good hand feel are all important. You want something that fits in your pocket and looks great in your hand for that mirror selfie.

Software and Updates: Keep It Fresh

A user-friendly interface and regular software updates are crucial. You don’t want to be stuck with a phone that feels outdated in a year. Make sure your phone’s brand is known for timely updates and a smooth operating system.

Connectivity: Stay Connected, Always

5G is the buzzword of the day, and for good reason. Faster internet means better streaming, quicker downloads, and smoother gaming. Make sure your next phone is 5G ready so you can stay ahead of the curve.

Choosing the perfect smartphone is a bit like dating – you need to find the one that ticks all your boxes and keeps up with your lifestyle. So next time you’re on the hunt for a new phone, keep these features in mind. Happy phone hunting, and may your selfies always be on point!

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